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Religion In Nepal

The Dawn of Nepal — The Everest Kingdom of Nepal is the birth place of Lord Buddha, the land of temples, the abode of Yak and mysterious Yeti and the residence of brave Gorkhas. With its ancient Aryan and Tibeto-Aryan culture and civilization coupled with varied natural and artistic beauties, Nepal is the only Hindu Kingdom having a happy harmony of Hinduism and Buddhism.

Prior to 1950, Nepal under the rigid rule of the Ranas was a little known forbidden land for outsiders; for in those days, foreigners seeking entry into it had to secure permission from the then ruling authorities. It was for them a hard and humiliating task, indeed. Being isolated till 1950 from the external world, its age-old culture until recent yeas were unaffected by external elements.

The census of 1952/54 and 1961 found difficulty in distinguishing the Hindus and the Buddhists in the hill and the mountain regions for they worshipped deities of both religions. Nepal has also other religious groups like Muslims, Jains, Sikhs, Christians and animists. According to the census of 1981,89.5percent of the total population of Nepalare Hindus.

Hindus include castes like Brahman (also called Bahun-priestly class), Chettris, occupational cast groups of the Terai, sections of the Newar ethnic group of theKathmandu valley and outside. Hindus amongst other groups only respect theBrahmin and reverse cow. Aboriginal ethnic Hindus, except the Newars,five not fall under any Hindu caste hierarchy. Hindus highly respect the temple of Pashupati | Nath (Hindu god Shiva) in Kathmandu, the temple of Changu Nar-, ayan, the idol at the Hanuman Dhoka (Hanuman gate) in Kathmandu, the temple of Krishna at Pafive-storiedpagoda type tempi* ‘Nyatopola’ at Bhadgaon(Bhaktapur). Hindus regard cows as sacred, as such cow-slaughter is a criminal offence in Nepal. Some Buddhists Muslims and Christians take meat of cow i.e. beef.

In the valley, religion is interwoven in the lives of people. Temples and shrines reflect this attitude. Devotees are constantly coming and going in various temples.

Besides there are other activities going on in the temples and shrines. Animal life is prolific. Sacred cows at the temples, stupas, dogs, guardians and roaming monkeys husking about the eves and from pagoda roofs.

Originally the ancient valley dwellers were animists.


Animists worship sun, moon, mountains, forests, rivers, trees, springs. Natural things were worshipped for sustenance of human beings. They also are abodes of natural spirits. Fertility-worship and devotion to ancestors was intertwined with early religion and several magical arts and skills needed to ensure health, prolong life, produce children, exercise evil spirits and destroy one’s enemies, evolved in prehistoric times.


It is believed that Buddhism was the first religion practiced in the Kathmandu valley. Archeology also proves this historical fact.


Tantrism, or teachings followed by certain left-hand sects of Hindus and Buddhists also reached Nepal. The origin of Tantrism is unknown. However, it is an old faith and has left its mark as major sects.

Tantrism is found among Buddhist followers of Asanga and Nagarjuna, Shaivites (Sect like Saktas, Siddhas, Naths, Kapalikas, etc), Vaishnavites (Sahajiyas, Panchratas), etc.

The data of Kirant or Kirat was not taken into consideration in 1981 census. In 2001 census the data under new head of Kirantis or Kirat is 1.72 (1991). It increased in 1.60 (2001). Kirantis are followers of animism, a religion something different limn Hinduism and Buddhism.

Christians have increased from 0.168 (1991) to 0.45 (2001). In 1981 data of Crin istians were included in others.

Sikhs were not enumerated in 1991. In 2001, their percentage is 0.03. Another religion, Bahaism has also appeared in data of 2001. Their percentage is 0.01. Bahais are adherents of a religion originated in Iran in the 19th century. It emphasizes spiritual unity of mankind.

Some scholars say that there are some conflicting remarks about the percentage of religions.

Facts about religion in Nepal according to Census 2011

  • Total population : 2,64,94,504
  • Hindu : 81.3 %
  • Buddism : 9.0 %
  • Islam : 4.4 %
  • Kirat: 3.0 %
  • Christian : 1.4 %
  • Prakriti : 0.4 %


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